Slavery, as it existed in the Indian Territory was not different from slavery in the states. There were humane and inhumane masters and occasionally some of the cruel and brutal type. There was instances of devotion between slave and master that were very touching.
Slaves had been brought to the Indian Territory by the first Indian emigrants from the south. As a rule the slave-owning Indians were of mixed blood, tho' there were also a few full bloods who owned slaves.
Cotton culture had been common in all the states from which the slave-owning tribes had come and therefore slavery had been profitable. The largest slave owners settled along Red River so that slavery would still be profitable.
In time Anti-slavery agitators disturbed the peace of mind of the slave owners.
Nearly all the early missionaries and church workers were opposed to slavery and were in favor of freeing the slaves.
The tribal Indian agents appointed by the government were nearly all from the south and not a few of them were apprehensive as to the influence of the Anti-slavery movement among the Indians. This was the condition existing just prior to the Civil War.