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DECUSHISTORY

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Unit I – The Foundations of the American Political System

      EOC PREP

Competency Goal 1: The learner will investigate the foundations of the American political system and explore basic values and principles of American democracy.

GENERALIZATIONS:
• Regions may experiences differences in economic growth, political systems, and social structures due to geographic diversity.
• Shared values and principles may be necessary for a group of people to progress and form a political system.
• Despite a diversity of experience, groups may come together to form a political system and adopt shared values and principles.

Objectives

1.01 Describe how geographic diversity influenced economic, social, and political life in colonial North America.

Essential Questions

• 1.01 How did the unique geographic landscape of each region cause the colonies to develop differently?
• 1.01 In what ways did the purpose and focus of settlement affect the development of each colony?
• 1.01 How did the diversity of the populations in each region lead to varied experiences economically, socially, and politically?

Macro Concepts

Micro Concepts

Geographic diversity
Economic growth
Social structure
Political Structure
Ethnic diversity
Religious diversity
Plantation system
Mercantilism

Factual Content

(Geographic Diversity)
New England
Middle Colonies
Southern Colonies
Jamestown
(Economic Growth)
Joint-stock Companies
Proprietary/Royal/ Self-Governing Colonies
Triangular Trade Route
(Social Structure)
Indentured servants
American Indian
Public schooling
(Political Structure)
Bacon’s Rebellion
Town meetings
(Religious Diversity)
Pilgrims
Puritans
Quakers
Catholics
Religious dissenters
Salem Witch Trials

1.02 Trace and analyze the development of ideas about self-government in British North America.

Essential Questions

• 1.02 How did the colonists’ experiences under the British government influence them to establish a system of self-government?
• 1.02 Which documents and people influenced the colonists’ viewpoints on self-government?
• 1.02 How did the successes and failures of the colonial governments influence the colonists’ attitude about self-government?

Macro Concepts

Micro Concepts

Majority Rule
Self Government
Limited Government
Rebellion
Common Law
Natural rights
Limited government
Republic

Factual Content

(Majority Rule)
Parliament
Republic
(Self Government)
Mayflower Compact
House of Burgesses
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
Town meetings
(Limited Government)
Magna Carta/Great Charter
Social Contract theory
English Bill of Rights
(Rebellion)
1st / 2nd Continental Congress

1.03 Examine the causes of the American Revolution.

Macro Concepts

Micro Concepts

Mercantilism
Self-government
Civil liberties
Rebellion
War
Salutary Neglect

Factual Content

(Self-government)
Albany Plan of Union
(Revolution/Causes)
French and Indian War
Proclamation of 1763
Quartering Act
Stamp Act/Stamp Act Congress
Sons of Liberty
Boston Massacre
John Peter Zenger
“Shot heard around the world”
Boston Tea Party
Intolerable Acts/Coercive Acts
Writs of Assistance
“No Taxation without representation”
1st / 2nd Continental Congress
Declaration of Independence
Thomas Paine’s Common Sense
Salutary neglect

1.04 Elaborate on the emergence of an American identity.

Essential Questions

• 1.04 How did land acquisition after the Revolutionary War lead to conflicts?
• 1.04 How did colonists justify taking land from Native Americans and owning slaves during the time of the 1st Great Awakening?
• 1.04 Why was the Treaty of Paris significant in creating a national identity?

Macro Concepts

Micro Concepts

Property Rights
National Identity
Land acquisition
Separation of church and state
Slavery
Religious pluralism
Egalitarianism

Factual Content

(National Identity)
Treaty of Paris
(Land acquisition)
Land ownership
Bacon’s Rebellion
Land Ordinance of 1785
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
(Slavery)
Slave trade
Middle Passage
(Religious Pluralism)
1st Great Awakening

1.05 Identify the major domestic problems of the nation under the Articles of Confederation and assess the extent to which they were resolved by the new Constitution.

Essential Questions

• 1.05 How were the Virginia Plan and New Jersey Plan both incorporated in the compromise of the Connecticut Plan?
• 1.05 To what extent were the compromises made during the Constitutional Convention necessary and appropriate?
• 1.05 How was the role of government different under the new Constitution as compared to the Articles of Confederation?

Macro Concepts

Micro Concepts

Confederation
Rebellion
Central government
Bill of Rights
Constitution

Factual Content

Characteristics of Articles of Confederation
(Central Government)
The Virginia Plan
The New Jersey Plan
The Great Compromise
Connecticut Plan
The three/fifths Compromise
The Commerce and Slave Trade Compromise
The Electoral College
(Rebellion)
Shays Rebellion
Whiskey Rebellion

1.06 Compare viewpoints about government in the Federalist and the Anti-Federalist Papers.

Essential Questions

• 1.06 What were the contrasting viewpoints of the Federalists and Anti-Federalists?
• 1.06 How would society be different today if the new Constitution had incorporated only the viewpoints of the Federalists or Anti-
Federalists?
• 1.06What arguments exist today that may be similar to those that occurred between the Federalists and Anti-Federalists?

Macro Concepts

Micro Concepts

Federalism
Individual rights
States rights
Centralized
government
Ratification
Role of government
Separation of Powers
Checks and Balances
Bill of Rights

Factual Content

(Individual rights/ States rights)
Anti-federalists
Strict Interpretation
(Centralized government)
Federalists
Loose Interpretation
Factions
Federalist Papers
Anti-Federalist Papers
(Separation of Powers)
The Judiciary
The Executive Branch
(Ratification)
Adoption of the Constitution

1.07 Evaluate the extent to which the Bill of Rights extended the Constitution.

Essential Questions

• 1.07 How does the Bill of Rights offer protection for citizens?
• 1.07 Was the Bill of Rights needed in to guarantee freedoms to citizens?
• 1.07 How are rights granted in the Bill of Rights limited by the interpretation of the judiciary branch?

Macro Concepts

Micro Concepts

Bill of Rights
Personal Liberties
Natural Rights
Freedoms
• expression
• assembly
• petition
• religion
Due Process
Eminent Domain

Factual Content

(Natural rights)
Powers of states
Powers of people
(Freedoms)
Free Exercise Clause
Establishment Clause
Freedoms of expression, assembly, petition, religion
Right to bear arms
Rights of the accused
(Due Process)
Quartering
Search & Seizure
Fines and punishments
Trial
Double Jeopardy
Self incrimination

1.08 Compare the American system of government to other forms of government.

Essential Questions

• 1.08 What affect do the various forms of government have on people around the world?
• 1.08 How do various forms of government provide for individual freedom?
• 1.08 What will likely happen if a government denies all power to the people it governs?

Macro Concepts

Micro Concepts

Governments
Anarchy
Autocracy
Theocracy
Oligarchy
Monarchy
Totalitarianism
Dictatorship
Aristocracy
Democracy
Federalism

Factual Content

Various forms of government

Primary Sources:

Before 1400 * 1400-1500 * 1501-1600 * 1601-1650 *1651-1700 *1701-1725 *1726-1750 * 1751-1775 *1776-1800

Ben's Guide: Our Nation

Other Resources

Timeline

Revolutionary War Cycle

Supplemental Readings

THE COLONIAL PERIOD
COLONIAL ERA
THE ROAD TO INDEPENDENCE
THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
TRANSITION TO SELF-RULE
THE FORMATION OF A NATIONAL GOVERNMENT