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Unit III North Carolina Government

      EOC PREP

Competency Goal 3: The learner will analyze how state and local government is established by the North Carolina Constitution.

Generalizations

• One level of government can have a significant impact on how policy is established and people are governed.
• Often controversies exist over the struggle for power between the different levels of government.
• Methods of financing different levels of government as well as programs and agencies can create controversy.

Objectives

3.01 Identify the principles in the North Carolina Constitution and local charters.

Essential Questions

• What role does the North Carolina government play in the creation of local governments?
• What basic principles do the North Carolina and U.S. Constitutions have in common?
• Should local government decisions always be subordinate to the will of the state government?

Macro Concepts

Power
Change

Micro Concepts

State Constitutions
Separation of Powers
Checks and Balances
Popular sovereignty
Limited government
Incorporation
Declaration of Rights

Factual Content

(State Constitutions)
Preamble to N. C. Constitution
Public education
Local charters
Amendment Process

3.02 Explain how the North Carolina Constitution and local charters define the framework, organization, and structure of government at the state and local level.

Essential Questions

• How does the North Carolina Constitution structure state government?
• What are the ways in which city governments can be organized?
• Should a person be forced to pay taxes on personal property?

Macro Concepts

Systems
Organization
Structure

Micro Concepts

Government Structure
Administration
Statutes
Ordinances
Constitution

Factual Content

(Government Structure)
General Assembly
Officials & Committees
Mayor-council plan
Council Manager plan
Local Charter
(Administration)
Governor
Lieutenant Governor
Council of State

General Assembly
Officials & Committees
Types of local government:
County
City
Special Districts

Municipality
Mayor
City or Town Council
Council Manager plan
County Commissioners
Sheriff
Chief of police
Statutes
Ordinances
Board of Education

3.03 Explain how the state constitution grants and limits the authority of public officials and government agencies.

Essential Questions
• How does the North Carolina Constitution limit the authority of public officials?
• What public offices are created by the North Carolina Constitution?
• Should all public officials be elected by the people?

Macro concept

Power

Micro concepts

Authority
Bureaucracy
Public Service
Government agencies

Factual Content

(Authority and Bureaucracy)
State Agencies
Health Department
Parks and Recreation Department
Transportation Department
Register Deeds
Governor
Lieutenant Governor
Sheriffs
Judges

3.04 Describe how the state constitution and local charters may be changed, and analyze the impact of specific changes.

Essential Questions
• How can the North Carolina Constitution be amended?
• Can governments be changed by the will of the people?
• What kinds of issues are most suitable for a referendum?

Macro Concepts

Change

Micro Concepts

Constitution

Factual Content

Referendum
Local Act
Initiative

3.05 Analyze court cases that illustrate that the N. C. Constitution is the law of the state.

Essential Questions
• Why must all local governments submit to the authority of the N.C. Constitution?
• What role does the North Carolina Supreme Court play in protecting the rights of individuals?
• How should funding be dispersed to school districts to reflect the needs of all students in North Carolina?”

Macro Concepts

Power
Supremacy

Micro Concepts

Judicial Review
Education
Rule of law
Precedents

Factual Content

State v Mann, 1830
The Leandro Case

3.06 Analyze how the Fourteenth Amendment extends the Bill of Rights protection to citizens of a state.

Essential Questions
• What does “equal protection under the law” mean?
• How does the 14th Amendment extend rights to all citizens?
• Should citizens ever be denied their civil rights?

Macro concepts

Reform
Conflict

Micro concepts

Individual Rights
Equal protection
Bill of Rights
Citizenship
Civil rights
Voting rights
Women’s rights

Factual Content

(Equal Protection)
14th Amendment

3.07 Identify modern controversies related to powers of the state government.

Essential Questions

• Why is the education of citizens a primary responsibility of state government?
• What alternatives to traditional schooling are available to citizens of North Carolina?
• Should North Carolina continue to raise revenue through a lottery?

Macro Concepts

Powers
Controversies

Micro Concepts

Education
Taxes
Revenue
Government Services
Security
Redistricting

Factual Content

(Education)
Charter Schools
School busing (Swann v. Charlotte- Mecklenburg School, 1969)
(Security)
Disaster relief
Terrorism
(Taxes/Revenue)
Balanced budget
NC Education Lottery
(Redistricting)
Annexation
Gerrymandering

3.08 Examine taxation and other revenue sources at the state and local level.

Essential Questions

• What are the different sources of revenue for North Carolina government?
• How do states prioritize funding for various programs?
• On what should North Carolina spend a budget surplus?

Macro Concept

Systems

Micro Concepts

Revenue
Expenditure
Taxation
Budget

Factual Content

(Revenue)
State income tax
Corporate income tax
Sales tax
Excise taxes
Inheritance taxes
Licenses
Federal Grants in Aid
Property tax
Estate tax
Fines
Intergovernmental Revenue
User fees
Disposal fees
Permits
Tax Assessments
Finances
Budgets
Impact fees
State & Municipal Bonds
(Expenditures)
Budgets
Finances

Objective 3.09: Describe the services provided by state and local government agencies and how funding is provided.

Essential Questions

• How do state and local governments impact the lives of individuals?
• What are some services provided by state government?
• Should tax dollars be used to support art galleries and museums?

Macro Concepts

Systems
Order

Micro Concepts

Government Agencies
Government Services
Funding

Factual Content

(Government Services)
Community colleges
Cooperative extension
Court facilities
Elections
Jails/Youth Detention Centers
Mental Health services
Public Health services
Public Schools
Social services
Soil & Water conservation
Tax assessment
Airports
Ambulance services
Art galleries & museums
Buses/public transit
Emergency management
Parks & Recreation
Libraries
Public housing
Public utilities

Supplemental Readings

A Country of Many Governments
The North Carolina Consitution
North Carolina Government
Ben's Guide: National Versus State Governments