Unit IV – Citizenship at the local, state, and national levels of government.
Competency Goal 4: The learner will explore active roles as a citizen at the local, state, and national levels of government.
• The government could be influenced by groups and individuals in ways that may not be in the best interest of the nation as a whole.
• Members of a society often have certain rights, responsibilities and privileges associated with citizenship.
• A government based on individual freedom may require its citizens to play an active role in the political culture of the society.
4.01: Examine the structure and organization of political parties.
• How are political parties organized at the local and national levels?
• How do political parties promote civic responsibility?
• Should all citizens be required to belong to a political party?
( Party Systems)
• Third parties (minor)
Functions of Parties
4.02 Describe the election process and the qualifications and procedures for voting.
• What are the qualifications and procedures for voting in North Carolina?
• What are the different types of elections?
• Should we do away with the Electoral College and choose the President by popular vote?
Political Action Committee (PAC)
Public & Private Funding
• Glittering Generalities
• Stack Cards
• Name Calling
• “Just Plain Folks”
• Image Molding
Types of Ballots
Board of Elections
4.03 Analyze information on political issues and candidates seeking political office.
• How can citizens best learn about candidates and public issues?
• What role does the media play in shaping public opinion?
• Should exit polling results be announced on election night?
4.04 Demonstrate active methods of promoting and inhibiting change through political action.
• What are the characteristics of an active citizen?
• How can lobbyists influence government?
• Should violence ever be used to force change in government?
4.05 Analyze consequences of compliance or noncompliance with laws governing society.
• Why do most people voluntarily comply with the law?
• Should civil disobedience be used to secure civil rights?
• Are mandatory sentencing laws fair?
4.06 Describe the benefits of civic participation.
• How does the community as a whole benefit from public service?
• What role does volunteerism play in a democratic form of government?
• Should it be a graduation requirement for students to volunteer in their community for a certain number of hours?
Duties of Citizenship
4.07 Analyze costs and benefits of jury service, voting, seeking office, and civic action at the local, state, and national level.
• How do citizens become and remain informed members of society?
• What are the advantages and disadvantages of seeking political office?
• Should citizens be forced to perform jury duty?
4.08 Participate in civic life, politics, and/or government.
• Why is civic involvement important for a society?
• How does individual participation in court proceedings impact the judicial process as a whole?
• What is the best way for individuals to get involved in the civic and political life of the nation?
Objective 4.09: Utilize various methods of resolving conflicts.
• What types of conflict resolution are utilized by individuals and groups?
• Why is compromise important in a democratic form of government?
• Is conflict a necessary component of effective government?
Voting and Elections