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DECUSHISTORY

DECCIVICS

 

Unit IV – Citizenship at the local, state, and national levels of government.

      EOC PREP

Competency Goal 4: The learner will explore active roles as a citizen at the local, state, and national levels of government.

Generalizations

• The government could be influenced by groups and individuals in ways that may not be in the best interest of the nation as a whole.
• Members of a society often have certain rights, responsibilities and privileges associated with citizenship.
• A government based on individual freedom may require its citizens to play an active role in the political culture of the society.

Objectives

4.01: Examine the structure and organization of political parties.

Essential Questions

• How are political parties organized at the local and national levels?
• How do political parties promote civic responsibility?
• Should all citizens be required to belong to a political party?

Macro Concepts

Structure
Power
Systems

Micro Concepts

Party Systems
Political conflict
Political culture
Civic responsibility

Factual Content

( Party Systems)
Political Party
Democratic
Republican
Third parties (minor)
One-party system
Two-party system
Multi-party system

Coalitions
Functions of Parties
(Political culture)
Liberal
Moderate
Conservative
Reactionary
Radical
Platform
Planks
Candidates
Plurality Vote
Majority Vote
Coalitions
Patronage
Political machine
Grassroots

4.02 Describe the election process and the qualifications and procedures for voting.

Essential Questions
• What are the qualifications and procedures for voting in North Carolina?
• What are the different types of elections?
• Should we do away with the Electoral College and choose the President by popular vote?

Macro Concepts

Change
Power

Micro Concepts

Elections

Factual Content

(Elections)
General Election
Primary Election
Partisan/Nonpartisan
Caucus
Political Action Committee (PAC)
Public & Private Funding
Canvassing
Endorsements
Propaganda
• Glittering Generalities
• Bandwagon
• Stack Cards
• Name Calling
• “Just Plain Folks”
• Image Molding

Voter registration
Voting Districts
Polling place
Precinct
Types of Ballots
Board of Elections
Exit poll
National Convention
Recall Election
Initiative
Proposition
Electors
Electoral College
Nominations
Political Machine
Delegates

4.03 Analyze information on political issues and candidates seeking political office.

Essential Questions

• How can citizens best learn about candidates and public issues?
• What role does the media play in shaping public opinion?
• Should exit polling results be announced on election night?

Macro Concepts

Information

Micro Concepts

Public Opinion
Public Issues
Political Issues

Factual Content

Public Opinion)
Mass media
Polls
Canvassing
Exit polls
(Public/Political Issues)
Public Agenda
Party Platform

4.04 Demonstrate active methods of promoting and inhibiting change through political action.

Essential Questions

• What are the characteristics of an active citizen?
• How can lobbyists influence government?
• Should violence ever be used to force change in government?

Macro Concepts

Change

Micro Concepts

Public opinion
Citizen Activism
Civic Responsibility

Factual Content

(Public opinion)
Bias
Petitions
Surveys
(Civic Activism/Responsibility)
Vote
Protest
Activists
Lobbyist
(Civic Responsibility)
Apathy
Slander
Libel

4.05 Analyze consequences of compliance or noncompliance with laws governing society.

Essential Questions

• Why do most people voluntarily comply with the law?
• Should civil disobedience be used to secure civil rights?
• Are mandatory sentencing laws fair?

Macro Concepts

Rules

Micro Concepts

Civil Disobedience
Domestic Tranquility

Factual Content

(Domestic Tranquility)
Voluntary compliance
Public Safety
Criminal law
Prosecution
Fines
Civil law
Lawsuits
Penal Code
Mandatory sentencing

4.06 Describe the benefits of civic participation.

Essential Questions

• How does the community as a whole benefit from public service?
• What role does volunteerism play in a democratic form of government?
• Should it be a graduation requirement for students to volunteer in their community for a certain number of hours?

Macro Concepts

Cooperation

Micro Concepts

Responsibilities
Duties of Citizenship
Volunteerism

Factual Content

(Responsibilities and Duties of Citizenship)
Patriotism
Public service
(Volunteerism)
Peace Corps
AmeriCorps
Job Corps

4.07 Analyze costs and benefits of jury service, voting, seeking office, and civic action at the local, state, and national level.

Essential Questions

• How do citizens become and remain informed members of society?
• What are the advantages and disadvantages of seeking political office?
• Should citizens be forced to perform jury duty?

Macro Concepts

Participation

Micro Concepts

Judicial Process
Political Process
Public Service
Civic Action

Factual Content

(Judicial Process)
Rights
(Political Process)
Informed Electorate
Jury Duty
Voting

4.08 Participate in civic life, politics, and/or government.

Essential Questions

• Why is civic involvement important for a society?
• How does individual participation in court proceedings impact the judicial process as a whole?
• What is the best way for individuals to get involved in the civic and political life of the nation?

Macro Concepts

Participation

Micro Concepts

Civic Involvement

Factual Content

(Civic Involvement)
Mock elections
Community service

Objective 4.09: Utilize various methods of resolving conflicts.

Essential Questions

• What types of conflict resolution are utilized by individuals and groups?
• Why is compromise important in a democratic form of government?
• Is conflict a necessary component of effective government?

Macro Concepts

Conflict
Compromise

Micro Concepts

Collaboration
Negotiation

Factual Content

(Collaboration/Negotiation)
Negotiation
Arbitration
Mediation
Pre-hearing settlement
Small Claims Court
Legal Action

Supplemental Readings

Government of the People: The Role of The Citizen

Citizens

Parties & Interest Groups

Voting and Elections

U.S. Elections 2004

Public Policy

The Media

Ben's Guide: Electoral Process