Unit V – Conflict Resolution
Competency Goal 5: The learner will explain how the political and legal systems provide a means to balance competing interests
and resolve conflicts.
• A nation’s political and legal systems are often comprised of adversarial groups which must find ways to resolve conflict and balance
• Legal systems can be structured to allow courts the authority to hear and decide cases.
• Many different groups can influence government actions by using a variety of techniques.
5.01 Evaluate the role of debate, consensus, compromise, and negotiation in resolving conflicts.
• What steps are necessary in order for two or more competing groups to resolve a conflict?
• Should individuals compromise on their core beliefs in order to resolve a conflict?
• How do societies resolve conflicts?
5.02 Identify the jurisdiction of state and federal courts.
• What types of cases are handled in the various state and federal courts?
• What circumstances determine if a case may be appealed?
• What is the purpose of a tiered court system?
• District Courts
• U.S. Courts of Appeal
• U.S. Supreme Court
• Special Court
• Lower Courts
• General Trial Courts
• Intermediate Appellate Court
State Supreme Court
5.03 Describe the adversarial nature of the judicial process.
• Should judges be elected by the people or appointed by the government?
• How have the decisions of the Supreme Court changed the principle of due process and impacted the rights of the accused?
• What factors influence the way a judge rules in a case?
Rule of law
(Rule of Law)
Writ of Certiorari
The Jury System
Rights of victims
Selection of Federal Judges
Selection of State Judges
5.04 Evaluate the role of debate and compromise in the legislative process.
• Should members of Congress who have served the longest be automatically granted the chair person position on a committee?
• Why is compromise essential to the law making process?
• What role do committees play in the legislative process?
House Rules Committee
How a bill becomes a law
Line item veto
5.05 Explain how local government agencies balance interest and resolve conflicts.
• How do counties and cities work together to meet the needs of citizens?
• What are the advantages of disadvantages of a city annexing county property?
• How do local government officials balance competing interests and resolve conflicts?
At large voting
(Interaction between city and county government)
Extra Territorial Jurisdiction (ETJ)
City and county officials
5.06 Analyze roles of individual citizens, political parties, the media, and other interest groups in public policy decisions, dispute resolution, and government action.
• What role do citizens play in influencing government policies and actions?
• Should political parties and interest groups have the ability to sway public policy decisions?
• Which methods of influencing government are most effective?
The Branches of Government