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Unit X : World War II and the Beginning of the Cold War (1930s-1963)

Competency Goal 10: World War II and the Beginning of the Cold War (1930s-1963) - The learner will analyze United States involvement in World War II and the war's influence on international affairs in following decades.

Generalizations:

• World conflicts may result in a shift in a nation’s economic and political priorities.
• International affairs and global politics may be influenced by large scale conflict amongst nations.
• The growth of internationalism may lead to increased responsibilities and financial obligations for individual nations.

Objectives

10.01 Elaborate on the causes of World War II and reasons for United States entry into the war.

Essential Questions:

• What factors combined to draw the world and ultimately the U. S. into World War II?
• Was US involvement in the World War II inevitable?
• Were the reasons for the US’s entry into the World War II justifiable?

Macro Concepts:

Power
Conflict
Leadership

Micro Concepts:

Isolationism
Totalitarianism
Internationalism
Militarism
Nationalism
Appeasement
Fascism

Factual Content

Benito Mussolini
Adolf Hitler
Third Reich
Emperor Hirohito
Munich Pact
Joseph Stalin
Winston Churchill
Kellogg-Briand Pact
Neutrality Acts
Quarantine Speech
Non-Aggression Pact
Four Freedoms
Lend-Lease Act
Pearl Harbor

10.02 Identify military, political, and diplomatic turning points of the war and determine their significance to the outcome and aftermath of the conflict.

Essential Questions:

• To what extent did the military, political, and diplomatic turning points of World War II determine the outcome and aftermath of the
war?
• How were America and the world different because of the events of World War II?
• What changes to society resulted from the treatment of various groups of people during World War II?
Concepts Factual Content Instructional Strategies & Learning Experiences Suggested

Macro Concepts:

Leadership
Conflict
Innovation
Power
Identity
Freedom

Micro Concepts:

Turning point
Strategy
Genocide/Holocaust
Propaganda

Factual Content

Blitzkrieg
Battle of Britain
Pearl Harbor
Chester Nimitz
Stalingrad
D-Day (Operation Overlord)
George Patton
Battle of the Bulge
Airdrops
Battle of Midway
Douglas MacArthur
Island hopping
Iwo Jima
Okinawa
Casablanca, Tehran, Potsdam
V-E Day, V-J Day
Manhattan Project
J. Robert Oppenheimer
Atomic bomb
Nuremberg Trials

10.03 Describe and analyze the effects of the war on American economic, social, political, and cultural life.

Essential Questions:

• How and why did World War II impact the economic, social, cultural, and political life of the U.S.?
• How did the war bring about innovation and change on the home front?
• How are civil liberties challenged during times of conflict?
• Should civil liberties be denied during a time of war?

Macro Concepts:

Migration
Conflict
Innovation
Change

Micro Concepts:

Civil liberties

Factual Content

Selective Services Act
War Production Board
Rationing
War bonds
G.I. Bill
Levittown
Great Migration
Middle class
Baby boomers
Rosie the Riveter
WACS
Japanese Internment
Korematsu v United States 1944

10.04 Elaborate on changes in the direction of foreign policy related to the beginnings of the Cold War.

Essential Questions:

• How did the events of World War II help facilitate the onset of the Cold War and influence American foreign policy throughout most of
the 20th century?
• To what extent was America’s decision to drop the atomic bomb a viable option to end the war in the Pacific?
• What impact did World War II have on the economic, social, cultural, and political life of the United States?

Macro Concepts:

Power
Conflict
Leadership
Change

Micro Concepts:

Containment
Communism
Internationalism

Factual Content

Iron Curtain
Truman Doctrine
Marshall Plan
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)
Zionist Movement
Israel
Berlin Airlift
Chinese Civil War
Korean War
UN Police Action
Douglas MacArthur
Hydrogen Bomb
Geneva Accords
Eisenhower Doctrine
Nikita Khrushchev
U-2 Incident
Fidel Castro
Bay of Pigs
Berlin Wall
Cuban Missile Crisis
Limited Test Ban Treaty

10.05 Assess the role of organizations established to maintain peace and examine their continuing effectiveness.

Essential Questions:

• How effective have organizations been in maintaining peace in the world?
• How has the status of being a superpower affected the relations between the U.S. and other nations?
• To what degree have peace-keeping organizations been successful in their purpose?

Macro Concepts:

Power
Conflict
Leadership
Cooperation

Micro Concepts:

Containment
Communism
Internationalism

Factual Content

United Nations
UN Security Council
O.A.S.
N.A.T.O.
S.E.A.T.O.
Warsaw Pact
Alliance for Progress

Primary Sources:

The Good War

1926-1950

Other Resources

Timeline

Library of Congress Resources

Supplemental Readings

Digital History

USINFO

SPARKNOTES