Unit II : Expansion and Reform (1801-1850)
Competency Goal 2: Expansion and Reform (1801-1850) - The learner will assess the competing forces of expansionism, nationalism, and sectionalism.
• Sectional priorities can shape the policies of a national government.
• Individuals and groups can effect change at the local, state and national levels.
• Expansionism can contribute to both nationalism and sectionalism.
2.01 Analyze the effects of territorial expansion and the admission of new states to the Union.
• 2.01 What tactics can citizens use to influence government?
• 2.01 How can expansion lead to conflict and change?
• 2.01 What affect did territorial expansion have on the development of the new nation?
Lewis and Clark
The Indian Removal Act 1830
Worchester v. Georgia, 1832
Trail of Tears
Webster-Ashburton Treaty (1842)
"54-40 or Fight!"
Election of 1844
"54-40 or Fight!"
Treaty of Guadalupe- Hidalgo
2.02 Describe how the growth of nationalism and sectionalism were reflected in art, literature, and language.
• 2.02 How did the art, literature, and language of 1801-1850 reflect a collective sense of nationalism and sectionalism?
• 2.02 How did the U.S. develop and express its unique style through the arts during the early 1800s?
• 2.02 Are art and literature effective formats for communicating political and social discontent?
New Nationalists/ Knickerbocker School
James Fenimore Cooper
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Henry David Thoreau
Edgar Allen Poe
Alex de Tocqueville
Hudson River School
2.03 Distinguish between the economic and social issues that led to sectionalism and nationalism.
• 2.03 How were nationalism and sectionalism reflected in economic and social issues of the era?
• 2.03 How do economic and social conditions and issues contribute to the differences in sectionalism and nationalism?
• 2.03 How do economic and social conditions effect innovation and change?
2.04 Assess political events, issues, and personalities that contributed to sectionalism and nationalism.
• In what ways were nationalism and sectionalism reflected in the politics and issues of the time period?
• How was the issue of slavery affected by territorial expansion?
• How did the politics of industrialization lead to conflict and change?
• To what extent were the leadership and personalities of the early 1800s responsible for the changes that occurred?
Era of Good Feelings
Panic of 1819
McCulloch v. Maryland, 1819
Gibbons v. Ogden, 1824
Election of 1824
Henry Clay's American System
Tariff of Abomination
John C. Calhoun
South Carolina Exposition and Protest
South Carolina Nullification Crisis
Nat Turner's Rebellion
Election of 1832
Election of 1840
2.05 Identify the major reform movements and evaluate their effectiveness.
• What characteristics define a perfect society?
• How is change influenced by the actions of citizens?
• To what extent was the debate over slavery essential to the reform movements?
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Seneca Falls Convention
Susan B. Anthony
2nd Great Awakening
2.06 Evaluate the role of religion in the debate over slavery and other social movements and issues.
• How did both sides of the abolitionist movement use religion to support their viewpoint?
• How did differing religious beliefs contribute to an increase in the sectional divisiveness of the country?
• In what ways did religious influence impact the effectiveness of social movements in the first part of the 19th century?