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DECUSHISTORY

DECCIVICS

 

Unit III : Crisis, Civil War, and Reconstruction (1848-1877)

Competency Goal 3: Crisis, Civil War, and Reconstruction (1848-1877) - The learner will analyze the issues that led to the Civil War, the effects of the war, and the impact of Reconstruction on the nation.

Generalizations:

• Unresolved political and economic conflicts can cause war.
• The national government may increase its scope of power during war.
• Both strong leadership and weak leadership can contribute to changes in political institutions.

Objectives

3.01 Trace the economic, social, and political events from the Mexican War to the outbreak of the Civil War.

Essential Questions:

• How did the issues of sectionalism lead to the Civil War?
• How did political, economic, and social differences develop into the sectionalism that split the North and the South?
• To what extent did differing opinions on slavery as well as the institution’s expansion become a deciding factor in instituting a Civil War?

Macro Concepts:

Conflict
Power
Leadership

Micro Concepts:

Citizenship
Nationalism
Sectionalism
Nativism
Abolition
Slavery

Factual Content

Know-Nothings
Abolitionist movement
Slave codes
Underground Railroad
Harriet Tubman
Free Soil Party
Compromise of 1850
Popular Sovereignty
Fugitive Slave Act
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Uncle Tom’s Cabin
Kansas-Nebraska Act
Bleeding Kansas
Republican Party
Summer-Brooks Incident
Dred Scott v. Sanford, 1857
Lincoln-Douglas Debates
Freeport Doctrine
John Brown and Harper’s Ferry

3.02 Analyze and assess the causes of the Civil War.

Essential Questions:

• How did the issues of sectionalism lead to the Civil War?
• To what extent was slavery the primary cause of the Civil War?
• What did a federal union of states mean politically and socially before and after the Civil War?

Macro Concepts:

Conflict
Power
Leadership
Resources

Micro Concepts:

States’ rights
Nationalism
Sectionalism
Secession
Union

Factual Content

Election of 1860
Fort Sumter, S.C.
Abraham Lincoln
Jefferson Davis
Confederacy

3.03 Identify political and military turning points of the Civil War and assess their significance to the outcome of the conflict.

Essential Questions:

• Why are the Battle of Gettysburg and the Siege of Vicksburg considered the military turning points of the Civil War?
• How did the political actions of President Lincoln affect the outcome of the war?
• Was it inevitable that the North would win the war?

Macro Concepts:

Conflict
Revolution
Leadership

Micro Concepts:
Resistance to war
Turning point
Strategy

Factual Content

Anaconda Plan/Blockade
First Battle of Bull Run/ Manassas
Antietam
Vicksburg
Gettysburg
Gettysburg Address
William Sherman’s March
African-American participation in Civil War
Robert E. Lee
Ulysses S. Grant
George McClellan
Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson
Strengths and weaknesses of each side
• New military technology
• Strategies of both sides
• European support
• Major political and military leaders
• Economy and industrialization
Writ of Habeas Corpus
Copperheads
Election of 1864
Emancipation Proclamation
Appomattox Court House
John Wilkes Booth

3.04 Analyze the political, economic, and social impact of Reconstruction on the nation and identify the reasons why Reconstruction came to an end.

Essential Questions:

• How are civil liberties challenged during times of conflict and change?
• How have changes during Reconstruction made a lasting impact on America?
• To what extent did the Civil War and Reconstruction positively impact the lives of former slaves, women, and landless tenants in the US?
• To what extent did the federal government wield its power over the states during and after the Civil War?

Macro Concepts:

Conflict
Reform
Power
Change

Micro Concepts:

Citizenship
Nationalism
Sectionalism

Factual Content

Freedman’s Bureau
Radical Republicans
Reconstruction plans
Thaddeus Stevens
Andrew Johnson
Compromise of 1877
Tenure of Office Act
Johnson’s impeachment
Scalawags
Carpetbaggers
Black Codes
Ku Klux Klan
Sharecroppers
Tenant farmers
Jim Crow laws
The Whiskey Ring
Solid South
Grandfather’s Clause

3.05 Evaluate the degree to which the Civil War and Reconstruction proved to be a test of the supremacy of the national government.

Essential Questions:

• Which changes of the Civil War and Reconstruction era were short-lived and which have had a lasting impact?
• To what extent did the Civil War and Reconstruction establish the supremacy of the national government?
• To what extent have the issues surrounding the Civil War yet to be resolved?

Macro Concepts:

Conflict
Reform
Power

Micro Concepts:

National supremacy
Nationalism
Reconstruction

Factual Content

Military reconstruction
13th amendment
14th amendment
15th amendment
Civil Rights Act of 1866
Election of 1876
Compromise of 1877
10th Amendment

Primary Sources:

1851-1875

Other Resources

Timeline I II

Civil War Cycle

Library of Congress Resources

Supplemental Readings

Digital History

USINFO

SPARKNOTES