Unit IV : The Great West and the Rise of the Debtor Nation (1860s-1896)
Competency Goal 4: The Great West and the Rise of the Debtor Nation (1860s-1896) - The learner will evaluate the great westward movement and assess the impact of the agricultural revolution on the nation.
• Industrialization can impact people, the environment, and the economy
• The government may create policies that encourage economic growth.
• Different groups of people may be affected in different ways by economic growth
4.01 Compare and contrast the different groups of people who migrated to the West and describe the problems they experienced.
• Who migrated West and what problems did they experience?
• How did the experiences of the settlers impact their successes or failures?
• Why did different groups of people have such varied experiences as they migrated?
4.02 Evaluate the impact that settlement in the West had upon different groups of people and the environment.
• How did the environment of the West impact the success of the settlers?
• How did the migration of people bring about change in the West?
• What cause individuals or groups to migrate?
• Was the impact of settlement in the West positive or negative?
• How do individuals adapt to their surroundings?
Promontory Point, Utah
Sand Creek Massacre
Battle of Little Big Horn
Dawes Severalty Act
Helen Hunt Jackson's Century of Dishonor
Frederick Jackson Turner
4.03 Describe the causes and effects of the financial difficulties that plagued the American farmer and trace the rise and decline of Populism.
• How and why was the plight of the American farmer so different from that of other Americans?
• Why did so many farmers support Populism?
• How can economically oppressed groups make their voices heard politically?
Inflation and deflation
Supply and demand
National Farmer Alliances
Colored Farmers Alliance
Munn v. Illinois, 1877
Wabash v. Illinois, 1889
Interstate Commerce Act
William Jennings Bryan "Cross of Gold" Speech
4.04 Describe innovations in agricultural technology and business practices and assess their impact on the West.
• How can technological innovations change society?
• Why did the agricultural innovations and technological developments impact groups of people in different ways?
• How did the existence of the frontier impact the technological development of the U.S.?