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Unit IV : The Great West and the Rise of the Debtor Nation (1860s-1896)

Competency Goal 4: The Great West and the Rise of the Debtor Nation (1860s-1896) - The learner will evaluate the great westward movement and assess the impact of the agricultural revolution on the nation.

Generalizations:

• Industrialization can impact people, the environment, and the economy
• The government may create policies that encourage economic growth.
• Different groups of people may be affected in different ways by economic growth

Objectives

4.01 Compare and contrast the different groups of people who migrated to the West and describe the problems they experienced.

Essential Questions:

• Who migrated West and what problems did they experience?
• How did the experiences of the settlers impact their successes or failures?
• Why did different groups of people have such varied experiences as they migrated?

Macro Concepts:

Migration
Change
Environment
Status
Conflict

Micro Concepts:

Citizenship
Ethnicity

Factual Content

Gold Rush
Comstock Lode
Homestead Act
Morrill Land Grant Act 1862
Oklahoma Land Rush
Sod houses
Unique Experiences of:
Women
African Americans
Chinese Immigrants
Irish Immigrants

4.02 Evaluate the impact that settlement in the West had upon different groups of people and the environment.

Essential Questions:

• How did the environment of the West impact the success of the settlers?
• How did the migration of people bring about change in the West?
• What cause individuals or groups to migrate?
• Was the impact of settlement in the West positive or negative?
• How do individuals adapt to their surroundings?

Macro Concepts:

Migration
Environment
Status
Resources
Conflict

Micro Concepts:

Assimilation

Factual Content

Promontory Point, Utah
Transcontinental Railroad
Irish immigrants
Chinese immigrants
Cattle drives
Buffalo
Reservation system
Buffalo Soldiers
Sand Creek Massacre
Battle of Little Big Horn
Sitting Bull
Dawes Severalty Act
Chief Joseph
Nez Perce
Helen Hunt Jackson's Century of Dishonor
Wounded Knee
Frederick Jackson Turner

4.03 Describe the causes and effects of the financial difficulties that plagued the American farmer and trace the rise and decline of Populism.

Essential Questions:

• How and why was the plight of the American farmer so different from that of other Americans?
• Why did so many farmers support Populism?
• How can economically oppressed groups make their voices heard politically?

Macro Concepts:

Innovation
Conflict

Micro Concepts:

Inflation and deflation
Supply and demand
Populism

Factual Content

The Grange
National Farmer Alliances
Southern Alliance
Colored Farmers Alliance
Gold standard
Bimetallism
Greenbacks
Munn v. Illinois, 1877
Wabash v. Illinois, 1889
Rebates
Interstate Commerce Act
Omaha Platform
William Jennings Bryan "Cross of Gold" Speech

4.04 Describe innovations in agricultural technology and business practices and assess their impact on the West.

Essential Questions:

• How can technological innovations change society?
• Why did the agricultural innovations and technological developments impact groups of people in different ways?
• How did the existence of the frontier impact the technological development of the U.S.?

Macro Concepts:

Change
Transportation

Micro Concepts:
Industrialization
National economy
Vertical Integration
Horizontal Integration

Factual Content

Barbed wire
Refrigerator car
Windmill
Farmer's Cooperatives
Interlocking directorates

Primary Sources:

1876-1900

Other Resources

Timeline

Library of Congress Resources

Supplemental Readings

Digital History

USINFO

SPARKNOTES