Unit V : Becoming an Industrial Society (1877-1900)
Competency Goal 5: Becoming an Industrial Society (1877-1900) - The learner will describe innovations in technology and business practices and assess their impact on economic, political, and social life in America.
• Government policies may encourage economic growth and promote innovation in technology.
• Coordinated action by groups or individuals can effect change in business practices and economic policies.
• Innovations in technology and business practices may impact the economic, political, and social lives of citizens.
5.01 Evaluate the influence of immigration and rapid industrialization on urban life.
• How did immigration and industrialization shape urban life?
• How did the rapid industrialization of the Gilded Age create economic, social, and political change in the U.S.?
• Did immigration and rapid industrialization have a positive or negative impact on the economic and social structure of the United States?
Alexander Graham Bell
"New" immigrants vs. "Old" immigrants
Chinese Exclusion Act
5.02 Explain how business and industrial leaders accumulated wealth and wielded political and economic power.
• What characteristics were vital to the success of industrial leaders of the Gilded Age?
• How did captains of industry accumulate wealth and power?
• Should an individual be allowed to accumulate as much wealth as possible?
Supply and demand
Gospel of Wealth
J. P. Morgan
U. S. Steel
John D. Rockefeller
Standard Oil Company
“Captains of industry” vs. “Robber barons”
5.03 Assess the impact of labor unions on industry and the lives of workers.
• Why social, economic, and political factors led to the need for the formation of labor unions?
• To what extent were labor unions effective in meeting the political, economic, and social needs of laborers?
• How effective were labor unions in improving the lives of American workers?
Knights of Labor
American Federation of Labor
Sherman Antitrust Act
The Great Strike (1877)
5.04 Describe the changing role of government in economic and political affairs.
• How did the government’s role in economic and political affairs change during this era?
• To what extent did industrialization affect the relationships between government, business, and the worker?
• How did technological advancement affect industrialization and the role of the government?
• To what extent was the government’s changing role necessary and positive in this era?
Civil service system
Sherman Antitrust Act
Credit Mobilier scandal
Whiskey Ring scandal
Secret ballot (Australian)
U.S. v. E.C. Knight, Co. 1895
|The Gilded Age (1876-1900)|