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Unit VII : The Progressive Movement in the United States (1890-1914)

Competency Goal 7: The Progressive Movement in the United States (1890-1914) - The learner will analyze the economic, political, and social reforms of the Progressive Period.

Generalizations:

• Innovation designed to solve problems may result in the creation of new problems.
• Coordinated action by groups or individuals may result in economic, political, and social changes to a nation.
• The perceptions and actions of individuals can be influenced by the economic priorities of a nation.

Objectives

7.01 Explain the conditions that led to the rise of Progressivism.

Essential Questions:

• How did the political, economic, and social conditions of the Gilded Age lead to the Progressive Era?
• How did scientific and technological advances create a mass consumer culture?
• To what extent did an emerging mass consumer culture define what it means to be an American?
• What tactics were most effective in bringing about the social, economic, and political reforms of the Progressive Era?

Macro Concepts:

Conflict
Power
Consumption
Reform

Micro Concepts:

Industrialization
Immigration
Progressivism
Democracy
Capitalism
Socialism
Muckraking
Social Gospel

Factual Content

Ida Tarbell
Lincoln Steffens
Upton Sinclair
Jacob Riis
Urban slums
Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire

7.02 Analyze how different groups of Americans made economic and political gains in the Progressive Period.

Essential Questions:

• How effective was the Progressive Movement in addressing the political, economic, and social needs of all Americans?
• To what extent did progressive political reforms successfully combat the social and economic ills created by a rapidly industrializing
society?
• How successful were the Progressive Era Presidents in leading reform efforts?

Macro Concepts:

Power
Leadership
Citizenship
Reform

Micro Concepts:
Suffrage
Capitalism
Socialism
Democracy
Progressivism
Gender

Factual Content

Jane Addams/Hull House
16th Amendment
17th Amendment
18th Amendment (Volstead Act)
19th Amendment
Carrie A. Nation
Sherman Anti-Trust Act
US v EC Knight & Co, 1895
Theodore Roosevelt
Anthracite Coal Strike
Northern Securities v U.S., 1904
Elkins Act
William Howard Taft
Payne Aldrich Tariff, 1909
American Tobacco v U.S., 1911
Mann Act
Robert LaFollette
Election of 1912
Progressive/Bull Moose Party
Federal Reserve Act
Woodrow Wilson
Federal Reserve Act
Clayton Antitrust Act
Forms of Government:
Commission

Council-Manager

7.03 Evaluate the effects of racial segregation on different regions and segments of the United States' society.

Essential Questions:

• To what extent were the social, political, and economic standing of African Americans positively affected by progressive efforts?
• What did it mean to be black in America at the turn of the century?
• Why did multiple perspectives develop for addressing racial injustice during the Progressive Era?

Macro Concepts:

Conflict
Power
Leadership
Equality
Reform

Micro Concepts:

Civil rights
Segregation
Suffrage

Factual Content

Plessey v Ferguson (1896)
Wilmington race riot (1898)
Booker T. Washington
Tuskegee Institute
Atlanta Compromise Speech
W.E.B. Dubois
Niagara Movement
The NAACP
The Crisis
Ida B. Wells Barnett
Lynching
Great Migration
Disenfranchisement
Literacy test
Poll taxes
Grandfather clauses
De jure segregation
De facto segregation

Jim Crow Laws

7.04 Examine the impact of technological changes on economic, social, and cultural life in the United States.

Essential Questions:

• What was the economic and social impact of the technological changes of the Progressive Era?
• How was American culture redefined during the Progressive Era?
• Does society cause government to change or does government cause society to change?

Macro Concepts:

Innovation
Consumption
Change

Micro Concepts:

Industrialization
Technology
Popular Culture

Factual Content

Electricity
Mail order catalogs
Kodak cameras
Movie Camera
Wright brothers
Ford's Innovations: $5 day, Assembly line, Model T
Workers as consumers
Skyscrapers

Primary Sources:

1901-1925

Other Resources

Timeline

Library of Congress Resources

Supplemental Readings

Digital History

SPARKNOTES