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Unit VIII : The Great War and Its Aftermath (1914-1930)

Competency Goal 8: The Great War and Its Aftermath (1914-1930) - The learner will analyze United States involvement in World War I and the war's influence on international affairs during the 1920's.

Generalizations:

• World conflicts can cause domestic priorities to shift.
• Nationalism may have both a positive and negative impact on a nation as well as the global environment.
• Idealism often wanes in the face of conflict.

Objectives

8.01 Examine the reasons why the United States remained neutral at the beginning of World War I but later became involved.

Essential Questions:

• Why was the U. S. unable to maintain a policy of neutrality during World War I?
• What factors combined to draw the world and ultimately the US into World War I?
• Is it possible for a nation to remain neutral during a conflict in another part of the world?
Concepts Factual Content Instructional Strategies & Learning Experiences

Macro Concepts:

Conflict
Power
Leadership
Idealism

Micro Concepts:
Militarism
Alliances
Imperialism
Nationalism
Trade
Isolationism
Mobilization

Factual Content

Archduke Francis Ferdinand
U-Boat submarine warfare
Serbia
Allies
Central Powers
Kaiser Wilhelm II
Contraband
Lusitania
Election of 1916
Woodrow Wilson
"Make the world safe for democracy"
Idealism
Zimmerman Telegram
Selective Service Act
Isolationists
Jeanette Rankin

8.02 Identify political and military turning points of the war and determine their significance to the outcome of the conflict.

Essential Questions:

• How were certain political and military events significant to the outcome of the war?
• To what extent did the military, political, and diplomatic turning points of World War I help to determine the outcome of the war?
• How did the United States’ entry into the war affect the nations already involved in the conflict?

Macro Concepts:

Conflict
Power
Revolution
Leadership
Innovation

Micro Concepts:

Turning point
Communism

Factual Content

Trench warfare
"No Man's Land"
Mustard gas
Russian and Bolshevik Revolutions
Doughboys
John J. Pershing
American Expeditionary Force
Armistice
"Peace without victory"
Fourteen Points (1-5, 14)
"The Big Four"
Treaty of Versailles
League of Nations
Henry Cabot Lodge

8.03 Assess the political, economic, social, and cultural effects of the war on the United States and other nations.

Essential Questions:

• How did the war impact America’s social, economic, political, and cultural institutions?
• To what extent did World War I change US society and affect other nations?
• How did the industrial and technological advancements in this era impact America and the rest of the global community?
• How are civil liberties challenged during times of conflict?

Macro Concepts:

Change
Power
Conflict
Leadership

Micro Concepts:

Isolationism
Nationalism
Self-determination

Factual Content

18th Amendment
19th Amendment
Committee on Public Information/George Creel
Food Administration/ Herbert Hoover
War Industries Board/Bernard Baruch
Espionage and Sedition Acts
Eugene V. Debs
Industrial Workers of the World
Schenck v United States, 1919
Palmer/Palmer Raids
John L. Lewis (United Mine Workers)
Washington Naval Conference
Dawes Plan

Primary Sources:

1901-1925

Eagleton Digital Archive

WWIDocument Archive

Other Resources

Timeline

World War Cycle

Library of Congress Resources

Supplemental Readings

Digital History

USINFO

SPARKNOTES