Unit IX : Prosperity and Depression (1919-1939)
Competency Goal 9: Prosperity and Depression (1919-1939) - The learner will appraise the economic, social, and political changes of the decades of "The Twenties" and "The Thirties."
• An individual’s economic status may affect their political and economic priorities.
• The national government may increases its scope of power during times of crisis.
• An individual’s sense of identity can shape their social and cultural priorities.
9.01 Elaborate on the cycle of economic boom and bust in the 1920's and 1930's.
• How did the economic, social, and political events of the early 1900s lead to the economic cycles of the twenties and thirties?
• How did the variations in the economy in the 1920s cause major changes in that decade and in the 1930s?
• How did early government reactions to the economic bust serve to worsen its effects?
9.02 Analyze the extent of prosperity for different segments of society during this period.
• How were different groups of people affected by the business cycles of the 1920s and 1930s?
• How do economic changes impact society?
• Why and how does economic prosperity vary so much from one segment of society to the next?
9.03 Analyze the significance of social, intellectual, and technological changes of lifestyles in the United States.
• How do technological and social changes impact American traditions?
• To what extent should the federal government attempt to effect economic and social change?
• What should the role of the federal government be in the economic and social lives of its citizens?
• What long term effects did the New Deal have on the United States?
Silent and "talkies" films
"The Jazz Singer"
F. Scott Fitzgerald
FDR's "Fireside Chats"
9.04 Describe challenges to traditional practices in religion, race, and gender.
• How were government programs in the 1920s and 30s a challenge to traditional practices in religion, race, and gender?
• How does conflict promote change in a nation’s identity?
• To what degree did America experience social progress during the 1920s and 30s?
• How was America changed the 1920s and 30s?
Ku Klux Klan
Zora Neal Hurston
United Negro Improvement Association
“Back to Africa” Movement
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
1924 Native American Suffrage Act
Sacco and Vanzetti
Aimee Semple McPherson
9.05 Assess the impact of New Deal reforms in enlarging the role of the federal government in American life.
• How did the role of the federal government change during the 1920s ands 30s?
• Is it appropriate for the government to be involved in social and economic change?
• To what degree did America change positively or negatively during the 1920s and 30s?
• Why did citizens allow the federal government to increase its power during the Great Depression, and how did it impact the future of the
Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA)
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)
Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)
National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA)
Public Works Administration (PWA)
Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)
Works Progress Administration (WPA)
National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act)
Fair Labor Standards Act
Father Charles Coughlin
Huey P. Long